Uravnoteženje procesnih položajev v izvršilnem postopku - novele ZIZ

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Povzetek: Vrhovno sodišče z ukinitvijo dovoljene revizije postaja precedenčno sodišče, zato bi bilo primerno, da svojo precedenčno vlogo prek instituta dopuščene revizije udejanja tudi v izvršilnih postopkih, kot to velja v Nemčiji, Avstriji in na Hrvaškem. Izvršba je v prvi vrsti namenjena interesom upnika, da se mu poplača terjatev, ki je dolžniku naložena s pravnomočno sodno odločbo ali drugim izvršilnim naslovom. Vendar se pod vplivom sodne prakse ESČP pripravljajo spremembe zakonodaje, ki bodo narekovale dodatno skrbnost pri izvršbi na nepremičnine, če je ta predlagana na stanovanje ali stanovanjsko hišo, ki je dolžnikov dom, za poplačilo dolga, ki ni sorazmeren z ugotovljeno vrednostjo nepremičnine. V takem primeru sodišče o tem obvesti center za socialno delo, ki lahko sam ali skupaj s humanitarnimi organizacijami da dolžniku finančno, svetovalno, čustveno in drugo pomoč in podporo, da ne bi (skupaj z družino) zašel v krog propada. Ključne besede: izvršba, pravna sredstva, revizija, učinkovitost izvršbe, varstvo dolžnika, izvršba na nepremičnine, načelo sorazmernosti Title: Balancing Procedural Positions in the Enforcement Procedure - Amendments to the Enforcement and Security Act Abstract: Changes to the Civil Procedure Act, which came into effect on 14 September 2017, provide a leave to appeal system to the Slovenian Supreme Court. The Supreme Court assumes a precedential role in civil litigious cases. It would be appropriate to implement its precedential role through a legal remedy of revision in the enforcement procedures as well, as is the case in Germany, Austria and Croatia. Enforcement is primarily intended to serve the interest of the creditor to repay his claim, which is imposed on the debtor by a final court decision or another enforceable title. However, under the influence of the case law of the ECtHR, amendments to the legislation are being prepared to impose additional diligence in cases of enforcement against immovable property if the enforcement is proposed to an apartment or a dwelling house that is the debtor''s home for the repayment of a debt that is disproportionate to the established value of the property. In such a case, the court informs the Social Work Centre, which can provide, by itself or in cooperation with humanitarian organisations, the debtor with counselling, financial, emotional and other type of assistance and support in order to avoid the debtor''s cycle of decline. Key words: civil enforcement of judgments, legal remedies, revision, efficiency of enforcement, enforcement against real estate, principle of proportionality


 

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