Negotova prihodnost kolektivnih delovnih razmerij

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Povzetek: Izhodišče prispevka je teza, da je prihodnost kolektivnih delovnih razmerij negotova, kar velja tako na nacionalni kot na mednarodni ravni. Glavni dejavniki in okoliščine, ki ogrožajo sedanji sistem kolektivnih delovnih razmerij, so spremembe na trgu dela, oslabljena moč in delovanje sindikatov, problematika združevanja delodajalcev in pravna neurejenost področja. Delavci, ki delajo v netipičnih oblikah dela, so prikrajšani pri uresničevanju kolektivnih pravic, na kar vplivajo tako pravna regulativa kakor tudi druge družbene okoliščine. Pred delavskimi predstavniki, zlasti sindikati, je veliko izzivov, kako redefinirati svoj položaj na trgu dela s ciljem ne le obstoja, temveč učinkovitega in legitimnega zastopanja interesov delavcev v socialnem dialogu. Težnje delodajalcev po decentralizaciji kolektivnih pogajanj in večji prožnosti pri sklepanju pogodb, katerih predmet je delo, sočasno s problematiko (ne)združevanja v delodajalska združenja, za obstoječa kolektivna delovna razmerja pomenijo resno grožnjo. Država v vlogi zakonodajalca bi morala aktivneje vstopiti v ta razmerja, saj zakonodaja iz časa osamosvojitve že dolgo ne ustreza družbenim in poslovnim razmeram. Zato ocenjujemo, da so potrebne tako normativne kot dejanske družbene spremembe, če želimo ohraniti kolektivna delovna razmerja na taki ravni, da bodo lahko izpolnjevala svoj namen. Ključne besede: kolektivna delovna razmerja, sindikati, sveti delavcev, netipične oblike dela, socialni dialog, delodajalska združenja Title: Uncertain Future of Collective Employment Relationships Abstract: The paper''s thesis is that the future of collective employment relationships is uncertain, both at national and international level. It highlights the changes in the labour market, undermined power and activity of trade unions, issues relating to the mergers of employers and shortcomings in the legal regulation in this field as the main factors and circumstances jeopardizing the current system of collective employment relationships. Employees working in non-typical work arrangements are deprived from exercising their collective rights, influenced by both legal regulation as well as other social circumstances. Employees'' representatives, trade unions in particular, face many challenges as to how to redefine their position in the labour market with the aim not merely to exist, but also to efficiently and legitimately represent employees'' interests in a social dialogue. On the other hand, the employers'' tendency to decentralise collective negotiations and to have more flexibility when concluding contracts, the substance of which is work, together with the issues relating to the (lack of) association of employers into associations, presents a serious threat to existing collective employment relationships. The state in its role of a legislator should more actively enter into these relationships, since the legislation from the time of independence has long ceased to fit into the modern social and business environment. Therefore, we estimate that normative as well as social changes are required in order for the collective employment relationships to be maintained at a level to achieve their purpose. Key words: collective employment relationships, trade unions, works council, social dialogue, employers'' associations


 

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