Posojilo družbeniku: zakonodajalčev porozni ukrep s pomirljivim zaključkom

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Povzetek: Avtorja obravnavata pravne učinke dopolnitve pravila o ohranjanju kapitala iz prvega odstavka 495. člena ZGD-1. Omenjena določba je bila bistveno dopolnjena z novelama ZGD-1I in ZGD-1J predvsem v zvezi s posojili, ki jih družba odobri svojim družbenikom in nekaterim drugim osebam. Obrazložitvi predlogov novel ZGD-1I in ZGD-1J poudarjata varstvo upnikov, nova dopolnitev pa je bila umeščena v pravilo o ohranjanju kapitala, torej je postala sestavni del tistega pravila, ki skozi celotno življenje družbe varuje njeno premoženje pred posegi družbenikov in je prvenstveno namenjeno prav varstvu upnikov. Nova dopolnitev torej v okviru načela ohranjanja kapitala širi (dopolnjuje) dosedanje varstvo upnikov in se nanaša le na določene pravne posle, ki bi jih družba sklenila z določenimi osebami. Ključne besede: družba z omejeno odgovornostjo, ohranjanje kapitala, vezane rezerve, posojila družbe družbeniku, varovanje upnikov, lastni kapital, najnižji znesek osnovnega kapitala Title: Upstream Loan: Lawmaker’s Porous Measure Leading to a Reassuring Close Abstract: The authors discuss legal effects of supplement of capital maintenance rule from the first paragraph of Article 495 of ZGD-1. The aforementioned provision was significantly amended through amendments ZGD-1I and ZGD-1J, namely with respect to the loans granted by the company to its members and some other persons. Explanation of motions for amendments ZGD-1I and ZGD-1J underlines safeguarding of creditors. As the new amendment was placed within the capital maintenance rule it became an integral part of the exact rule which throughout the company''s life cycle safeguards its assets against encroachments by its members and is primarily intended for safeguarding of creditors. Therefore, in the context of capital maintenance rule, the new amendment broadens (supplements) the existing regime of safeguarding of creditors and it pertains solely to specific legal transactions entered into by the company with specific persons. Key words: limited liability company, capital maintenance, tied-up reserves, loans by the company to the company member, safeguarding of creditors, equity, minimum amount of share capital


 

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