Primerjava pravic, dolžnosti in pravnih položajev partnerjev istega in različnega spola v Republiki Sloveniji

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Povzetek: Avtorica v prispevku analizira pravice, dolžnosti in pravne položaje partnerjev istega in različnega spola v slovenskem pravu. Analiza je zasnovana kot kronološki pogled na trideset let postopnega razvoja pravne ureditve istospolnih partnerstev pri nas, s poudarkom na poglobljeni analizi razlikovanja med istospolnimi in raznospolnimi partnerstvi, ki so bila uvedena z Zakonom o registraciji istospolne partnerske skupnosti. Od njegove uveljavitve leta 2005 so se razlike postopoma zmanjševale, večinoma pa bodo odpravljena z novim Zakonom o partnerski zvezi, ki že velja, uporabljati pa se začne februarja 2017. Izziv za prihodnost, po vsej verjetnosti za ustavnosodno presojo, ostajajo zlasti na področju razmerij do otrok, torej upravičenost do postopkov z biomedicinsko pomočjo ter skupna posvojitev, ki sta po Zakonu o partnerski zvezi za istospolne partnerje še naprej izključeni. Ključne besede: partnersko pravo, družinsko pravo, partnerstvo, zakonska zveza, istospolno partnerstvo, spolna usmerjenost, LGBT, človekove pravice Title: Comparison of Rights, Duties and Legal Positions of Partners of the Same and Different Sexes in the Republic of Slovenia Abstract: In this article, the author analyses the rights, duties and legal positions of partners of the same and different sexes in the Slovenian law. The analysis is designed as a chronological review of 30 years'' gradual development of the legal management of same-sex partnerships in Slovenia with the emphasis on an in-depth analysis of differentiation between same-sex and different sex partnerships, introduced with the Same-Sex Partnership Registration Act. Since its introduction in 2005, the differences were gradually reduced, but will mostly be entirely removed with the new Partnership Act, which is already in force and comes into use in February 2017. The challenge for the future, most likely also for constitutional legal judgement, remains mostly in the field of relations towards children, that is, the justification of procedures with biomedical aid and joint adoption, which, according to the Partnerships Act, are still excluded for same sex partners. Key words: partnership law, family law, partnership, marriage, same-sex partnership, sexual orientation, LGBT, human rights


 

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